With only three million inhabitants Mongolia is the least populated state in the world. Nearly 30 percent of the population lives in the landlocked country as nomads. Large families move from pasture to pasture with their traditional tents, the yurts. A family usually owns hundreds of sheep, cashmere goats, yaks and of course horses. A nomadic child learns to ride before it can run.
However, children who grow up in nomadic families are still not exempt from compulsory education. Cap Anamur recently started supporting a school that is visited by local children as well as children from nomadic families. In the secondary school of Zuunbayan-Ulaan in the Uvurkhangai area can accommodate up to 440 children. A boarding school can also accommodate up to 100 nomadic children. Their families have no permanent residence. Therefore the children would often have to travel to school many miles a day. Other compulsory Nomad children live with relatives nearby or have a yurt in the district with their mothers. The fathers, on the other hand, are still with the livestock in rural areas. In this way, the children get access to education.
Both buildings, the school and the boarding school, were commissioned in 1976. The boarding school in particular is in a very bad condition today: the roof is leaking, the façade is crumbling and the mattresses and blankets for the children have not even been replaced since their first use. Temperatures in Mongolia can reach -30 degrees Celsius in winter. The old building is difficult to heat. So the children have to freeze in their beds in the winter months.
In order to provide the nomad children with a safe, warm and comfortable environment, Cap Anamur takes care of the boarding school in Mongolia. In the next few weeks, we will renovate the building in order to make it a place where children can live and learn well. First we plan to repair the roof. Furthermore, we will purchase new mattresses and blankets. We will also supply equipment for a new medical room with first aid kits. In addition, a laundry room will be set up in the boarding school, as the children currently have to wash their clothes independently in their rooms or with relatives. This is how the old building should become a high-quality boarding school.